Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME)
Most people become an Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (AME) by attending a approved school registered under the National Airworthiness Authority of the country. In what is typically an 2 years program, they must learn everything that is required for maintenance of a typical airplane.
AMEs must also learn all of the sections of the Local Aviation Regulations which pertain to them. Once the AME has completed this and pass the necessary exams, the AME will be given a Licence Without Type Rating (LWTR) for the relevant trade. In order to be type certified / type rated, AMEs must either go for another exam with the Local Aviation Authority for a specific type aircraft, normally small aircraft (based on aircraft weight); or attend a course and exam with the Quality Assurance Department of an Approved Organization / Airlines, normally for larger aircraft.
The different categories are:
Mechanical Branch (B1.1).
Avionics Branch (B2).
Note: Mechanical Branch is further divided into fixed wing and rotary wing.
Also, in time, AMEs can advance and diverse to other sides of Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME), such as to quality assurance department as inspectors, to maintenance planning.
Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME) was not a degree or a diploma course, but a License program. On completion of the training, a license is issued by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). Recently AICTE has introduced nomenclature of B.Tech (AME).
During the training, lessons are imparted for service and maintenance of aircraft so as to ensure flight safety. A two year Aircraft Maintenance Engineering license training course is being offered by several Institutes approved by the DGCA.
The first year of AME training provides basic information about aircraft rules and regulations. In the second year, students learn general engineering and maintenance. The subjects taught include aerodynamics or theory of flight, metallurgy, electronics, handling sophisticated equipments and practical work in machine rooms and on aircraft engines. In the third year, the study focuses on specific areas like light aircraft, heavy aircraft, piston engines, jet engines , Avionics System or helicopters.
The two year training is sufficient for a candidate to appear for the Aircraft Maintenance Licensing Examinations. After getting the DGCA-AME license, one is required to obtain regulatory license or approval on a type of aircraft. If it is an Airbus or Boeing, one has to obtain an individual license to service that particular type of aircraft. Aircraft Maintenance Engineers are authorized to inspect the aircraft and certify its fitness for flying.
Some schools provide Integrated (Dual) Programs of Aircraft Maintenance Engineering + B.Tech (Aeronautical Engineering), it gives them additional benefit of degree along with license